The innocuous white exhaust dissipates quickly and only appears when the engine is cold. Condensation deposited in the exhaust system will evaporate after it is warmed up. Thick white smoke with a sweet or sour odor is caused by coolant in the cylinders. Antifreeze heats up in the combustion chambers and escapes into the exhaust when the engine is started as a milky white exhaust.
White smoke is a sign of increased moisture in the exhaust system. After the engine warms up, the steam and condensation disappear, but if the smoke is still coming out of the exhaust, it is a sign of an engine malfunction.
To find out why car smoking white and whether it is dangerous in further operation, you can literally use a napkin. Take a white cloth and after starting the engine for a couple of minutes, hold it near the exhaust pipe. If the smoke is due to ordinary moisture, it will be clean, if oil gets into the cylinders, there will be characteristic grease stains, and if antifreeze seeps in, the stains will be bluish or yellow, and with a sour smell.
And to find out the cause more accurately and understand what is worth doing, read the article in full.
Crack in the cylinder head
Dense heavy smoke, indicating a problem in the engine, will go constantly if the problem is already extensive or only when pressing on the gas (acceleration) when there is a microcrack in the block. So if you see tubercles of thick white/gray smoke coming out of your car's exhaust, it could mean a leaky cylinder-head gasket or a crack in the block or the cylinder head. Both problems are very serious and need to be solved quickly.
A light or thin white smoke from the exhaust pipe during cold weather that soon disappears is water vapor, and is the norm. This is because condensation naturally accumulates in the exhaust system. It can form in the pipes of the exhaust system when the air temperature is below +10°C. So it should not be confused with smoke, which will show problems in the cooling system or the engine itself.
What does white smoke from the tailpipe indicate?
The presence of thick white smoke even after warming up, most often indicates the ingress of coolant into the engine cylinder. The place of fluid intrusion can be a burned gasket, or a flat spot under it, or a crack.
Top 3 reason white smoke from exhaust: video
Most of the problems that cause white smoke from the tailpipe are due to engine overheating or improper fuel ignition. By paying attention to the hue, its smell and the overall behavior of the car, you can accurately determine the cause of the smoke's origin. The most common ones are:
- The presence of moisture in the exhaust system.
- The presence of water in the fuel.
- Improper operation of the injection system.
- The ingress of coolant into the cylinders.
Since some of the reasons why dangerous white smoke comes out of the exhaust of a diesel engine and a gasoline engine exhaust may have different origins, let's consider separately What causes white smoke to come out of the exhaust on diesel cars.
Why white smoke comes out of the diesel exhaust pipe
After the engine has reached operating temperature, in addition to the presence of coolant in the cylinders, for a diesel car white smoke from the exhaust can indicate:
- Condensation in the diesel fuel.
- Coolant leaking into the manifold.
- Low compression.
How to understand why white smoke appears?
In order to diagnose the specific cause, it is necessary to perform a few simple actions:
Antifreeze in engine cylinders
- First, clarify the color of the smoke, it is pure white or has some shade (bluish smoke will indicate oil burnout);
- Secondly, check coolant level, if it is low it may indicate that there is a leak (if there are no visible leaks then it goes inside the oil system or in the combustion chamber);
- Thirdly, look for exhaust gases in radiator with antifreeze (there will be bubbles on the surface, it can happen with a crack in the block, and with damaged gaskets);
- In the fourth, look for oil presence in cooling system (the antifreeze will have light brown color and will change its fluidity, if the gasket under the cylinder-head cap is in bad condition);
- Fifth, check the oil level and its condition (remove the dipstick and see if there is milky emulsion on it and if the level has risen, this happens if the cylinder-head gasket is damaged).
A whitish grayish exhaust when warming up can indicate untimely ignition of the mixture. This color of smoke indicates that the gases that were supposed to push the piston in the cylinder ended up in the exhaust pipe. This kind of smoke, just as with moisture evaporation, goes away after warming up if there is nothing wrong with the ignition of the car.
Take note that the amount and color of smoke or vapor from the exhaust depends on the following factors:
- The heat level of the engine;
- number of revolutions of operation;
- oil level;
- the temperature and humidity of the air.
Usually the amount of smoke is greater in wet weather, so variations in color and impurities are easier to spot under those conditions. This information will allow you to identify and determine the problem whether the exhaust smoke is white, blue or black.
How do you know if fluid is entering the engine cylinders?
To check if white smoke is coming from coolant entering the engine cylinders from the cooling system, you can do this:
Oil film in the radiator
- opening the cap of the expansion tank or radiator, you will see a film of oil;
- you can smell exhaust fumes from the tank;
- Bubbles in the expansion tank;
- the fluid level rises after starting the engine and drops after stopping it;
- the pressure in the cooling system increases (you can check it by trying to squeeze the upper radiator hose when starting the engine).
The presence of fluid in the cylinder can also be determined by the color of the soot on the spark plugs. If any of the spark plugs look like new unused or completely wet, it indicates that water has entered the cylinder.
It can happen that you do not smell exhaust in the radiator or expansion tank, the pressure in it does not rise sharply, but there is white smoke, emulsion instead of oil, and the fluid level is dropping rapidly. This indicates that fluid is entering the cylinders through the intake system. To determine the cause of water in the cylinders, simply inspect the intake manifold without removing the cylinder head.
Can I drive the car when the antifreeze gets into the cylinders or mixes with the oil?
If you notice signs of antifreeze getting into the cylinders, further operation of the faulty engine is not recommended! Due to the reduction of lubricating properties of oil, which is gradually mixed with the coolant, there is rapid wear of engine parts. Also the operation of such a car may cause a water hammer, because the liquid may accumulate in the space above the piston.
How do I fix white smoke from exhaust?
The only way to get rid of the thick dense white smoke is to replace the gasket (cylinder head) or completely repair the engine. It is necessary to remove the cylinder head and replace the gasket if it is damaged. If there is a crack in the engine, most likely you will be recommended to change the engine, as it is not always possible to seal the crack. Everything will depend on its place of occurrence. Quite often with such a problem, it is cheaper to buy a new car than to repair the engine.
Does white smoke always mean blown head gasket?
No. If there is thick white smoke coming out of the exhaust pipe, it is because of a burned out cylinder-head gasket. But if the white smoke is not thick, the problem may be water in the fuel, moisture in the exhaust system or an unregulated injection system.
Can low coolant cause white smoke?
Yes, it can. You can notice when the coolant is low, the engine loses its power, works with knocking sounds and produces white smoke from exhaust.
Can low oil cause white smoke?
No, low oil is not related to white smoke from exhaust pipes. The only smoke that can be produced when oil enters the combustion chamber is blue.