Error code P0300 indicates a violation of the ignition order, which is deciphered as random multiple cylinder misfires. If the fault is detected in a particular cylinder, the last digit of P030x will change to 1, 2, 3, 4, and so on up to 6 or even 12, depending on which «pot» the fault is in. So, error P0300 is the initial from such errors as P0301, P0302, P0303, P0304. More often they are caused by a lack of spark, a fuel supply malfunction, or exhaust problems.
Let's look at the problem in more detail, why does error p0301, p0302, p0303, p0304 or others of this kind appear with a list of possible causes of ignition faults, the consequence and methods of elimination.
The consequences of the appearance of error P0300
If ignition failure occurs in the engine, the toxicity level of exhaust increases in the exhaust pipe, which in turn can also lead to a temperature rise in the catalyst, which causes its damage (the honeycomb melts, since its temperature exceeds the threshold of 800 ° C). In some cars, in order to reduce afterburning of fuel in the catalytic converter and consequently the toxicity level, ECM controls the ignition timing with crankshaft and camshaft sensors.
It indicates code p0300, signaling by a check engine light, it can also turn off the injectors of a particular cylinder, in which the skip was detected. It is worth mentioning that for some reason the owners of such cars as Chevrolet Lacetti, Matiz, as well as Opel, Nissan and Kia are interested in the most frequent causes of this error.
When will error code P0300 pop up?
Note that the DTC P0300 is fixed by the control unit only when ignition gaps are detected in several cylinders at the same time, since the gap in one of them is fixed after two consecutive repetitions, and the crankshaft speed is important. At idle, the error is recorded in the memory after 3.5 minutes of engine operation, and at speeds over 2000 rpm — a little over one minute.
The threshold value of DTC registration in the ECM memory is more than 3.25 % of missed flashes per 1000 rpm. If ignition misses are detected only in a certain cylinder, then not an error P0300 is generated, but another one with the combustion chamber number of the engine.
How can I understand that there are engine misfires?
It's not difficult to understand that the yellow check light has illuminated due to ignition failure, since, for this reason the engine «wobbles» at low revs, there are jerks and twitches during acceleration, as well as loss of traction and increased fuel consumption.
Errors p0300, p0301, p0302, p0303 and p0304 causes
Unfortunately, the diagnostic device has not learned to determine the specific cause of failure in this case the ignition miss in the engine cylinder. Fortunately, the most probable faults can appear in 2 ways — either there is nothing to burn, or it is impossible to ignite. Although it is still a little early to rejoice in a possible quick search for the cause of DTC p0300 in Toyota and others, because it can be:
Ignition misses in a cylinder. How to diagnose the cause.
How to diagnose engine ignition misfires, video
In the ignition system
- Failure of a spark plug.
- High voltage wire breakdown.
- Faulty ignition coil (or module).
- Other causes related to wiring and connectors in the ignition system.
In the power system
- Bad quality fuel.
- Clogged injectors.
- Heavily contaminated fuel filter.
- Low fuel pressure.
Main reasons for error P0300
In the exhaust system
- Jammed or stuck valves.
- Air leakage.
- Low compression.
- Clogged catalytic converter.
- Timing system malfunctions.
In electronic control system
- Crankshaft and camshaft sensors failure.
- failure of detonation sensor.
- Failure of intake air flow and temperature sensors.
- ECU failure.
If there is not a general problem of multiple skips, but on a particular cylinder: p0301, p0302, p0303, p0304 or others, the situation is simplified and probably lies in the ignition system. In such cases, error P0363 may also be displayed, but it also alerts you to the blocked fuel supply to the cylinder.
Recommendations for checking and fixing
The first thing to check in case of ignition faults are the ignition wires and ignition coils (module), often they are with broken insulation, open or with an oily surface. You should measure the wires with a multimeter (normal resistance is about 4 — 10 kohms), in resistance mode, but to check the individual ignition coils, just change places with a known working cylinder and make an error.
How to Fix Code P0300, video
If the code has changed to another cylinder number, then the coil is faulty. The ignition module is more complicated, you need to check it with a tester.
Inspect all components of the ignition system very carefully for wear or damage.
Second in line are the spark plugs — a damaged electrode, wrong gap, or oil buildup, lead to failure or unstable operation of the plug.
The spark plug insulator should be white, with no yellow traces of spark breakdown.
Having unscrewed the spark plug for inspection, the next thing to do is to measure the compression in the cylinder. Reduced or absent compression leads to insufficient compression, and therefore creates mixture ignition problems.
Clogged fuel injectors provoke misfires in the combustion chamber, but, unfortunately, it is not possible to check them so quickly without a testing bench. And the only thing we can advise in such a situation, is to top up with a higher octane fuel, and drive the car for a while at higher rpm (4-5 thousand rpm).
A long time since the fuel filter or bad gasoline are very often the cause of unstable operation of injectors. That's why try to remember, when did you change the filter last time, and what petrol station you used.
A jammed EGR valve or leaks through the inlet manifold gasket, which can also be the cause of random ignition timing, can be difficult to identify, so pay attention to such parameters as the long-term fuel correction during computer diagnostics. It will show how much the ECU compensates for the imbalance in the air/fuel ratio. When this parameter on a particular cylinder has a difference of more than 10%, it may indicate a vacuum leak, air leakage.
The normal correction does not exceed 1-3% in one direction or another.
More rare cases, which cause ignition failure, such as shift phases or exhaust are controlled by the ECU, and in addition to the code P030X, there will be other errors related to the catalyst, lambda probe, camshafts.
How much does it cost to fix P0300
The diagnosis of your car will cost from 75$ to 150$. The cost of fixing the error depends on the scope of work:
- Spark plugs change — 70$ — 250$.
- Spark plugs wires — 170$ — 240$.
- Vakuum leakage — 100$ — 200$.
- Fuel injectors — 1500$ — 2000$.
We hope all these tips will help you not only to understand the cause of the problem, but also to eliminate it by yourself, without outside help, without spending a single dollar. You will pay only for a specific part, rather throw money away to replace everything that can only give a failure.
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